IFS( Integrated Farming System)
Integrated farming systems are a common term for a more integrated approach to farming than one-way farming methods. These refer to any agricultural system that coordinates the production of livestock and crops. This system enables you to use wasted resources as a valuable resource.
IFS Interconnected input “waste” from one component to another part of the system, which reduces costs and improves productivity and income.
About Integrated Farming System:
The Integrated farming system, In our recent studies and practice analysis, we found IFS is the major solution for sustainable methodology for doubling agriculture income. IFS includes Multi cropping, Animal husbandry, Desi chicken growing and five layer vegetable cultivation(Palekar model of natural farming) with latest irrigation systems at one farm which supports each other. With the Proper Natural fertility management practices besides improving soil fertility, keeps the environment safe from green gas emissions and provides healthy chemical free food to the community.
By introducing multi cropping and animal husbandry, poultry and vegetable crops we will get more profits when compare to present practice and get the income throughout the year.
Advantages of Integrated Farming system:
- Increased food production to meet the food demand of the country’s burgeoning population.
- Enhanced farm income through allied components.
- Sustainable soil fertility and productivity through organic wasre recycling.
- Integration of allied activities leading to availability of nutritious food.
- Environmental protection through effective recycling of waste from animal based enterprises like dairy,poultry,etc..
- Employment generation for the farm family members of small and marginal farmers.
Factors considered while selecting the components of IFS module
- The needs and resource in selection of components of IFS.
- Rainfall and its distribution and length of growing season are the primary factor.
- Soil type and market facilities determine the type of crops or livestock component to be included.
Components of IFS model:
The IFS model identified include the following components:
1. Intercrop (pulses) with the main crop.
2. Vegetable cultivation.
3. Perennial fodder cultivation.
5. Milch animal rearing / mini-dairy units
6. Sheep farming
7. Bund plantation.
8. Backyard poultry
9. Compost unit.
10. Low cost Shed