The fishing industry in India is growing rapidly and holds plenty of potential. As per the World Bank, the fishing sector in India is predicted to increase by 10% every year until 2020. The reason for this is various factors, including the growing demand from Asia and the rising middle-class in India. Furthermore, the rules which have been put into place over time have helped to attract investors into the fishing industry.
The variety of fishing species in India is astounding.
The variety of fisheries found in India is staggering. There are more than 1,500 documented species of fish in India with at least 300 more to be recorded. Indian fisheries house many different techniques and vessels for fishing that range from traditional net and line methods, to nets with gills, trawls or even farms for fish. It also is a leader in diverse seafood consumption as people across the country enjoying a variety of meals of seafood every day. Fish types imported from India
There is a wide variety of fish that are exported from India.
This includes saltwater fish like mackerel, tuna and marlin. There are also freshwater fish such as alphonsus, trout and sea cucumbers. The most sought-after varieties of fish imported from India include mackerel, tuna and salmon. The US imports major seafood from India including frozen shrimp and tilapia. It also imports fresh and frozen scallops, shrimp, squid trout, carp tuna, catfish and salmon. In the food and beverage industry, India has experienced rapid growth in the past two years, with the sector making up around 8.0 percent of the GDP of the country and employing a significant quantity of individuals. This increase has been mostly driven by exports, which comprise 90% of the total production of seafood in India. India has 1,234 fishing villages registered and 624 of them is located within the state of Tamil Nadu. In 2007 India was able to export US$1.9 trillion worth of fishing and other fishery products that was about just 3% of the nation’s total exports.
The effects of climate change on the fishing sector in India
Fishing in India is an important part of the economy that contributes $24 billion to the nation’s GDP. But climate changes are already affecting fishing in India and sea levels are rising while extreme weather storms becoming increasingly frequent. as well as the economy overall. The rise in sea levels will definitely have an influence on India’s fishing sector. India and the country’s estimated 500 million people relying on fishing to support their lives. In addition, rising sea levels could impact ports and navigation routes which could affect the nation’s shipping industry. Alongside the impact on fisheries, climate changes could have a larger influence on Indian economy overall. As the sea level rises coastal cities such as Mumbai and Chennai may be impacted by storm surges, which could pose additional risks for India’s shipping industry.
The astonishing diversity of Indian fisheries
At one point there was a time when the Indian Ocean was home to more than 2,000 species fish. In the present, this amount has dropped to around 600. However, even within this exclusive category of marine life India is distinguished by its astonishing diversity of fisheries. From huge tuna to tiny Sardines, from sharks and sardines to seabirds, the fisheries of India are home to an incredible diversity of fish. Some species are only found in India and nowhere else on Earth. The Indian fishing industry generates billions in revenue and provides employment to many thousands. And, source of food for both humans that live in the country.
The bounty of the ocean provides Indians with a balanced and diverse diet and also provides important revenue sources for the coastal community.
The impact of overfishing on India’s fishing resources
Overfishing is a challenge that India is confronted with when it comes to its fishery resources. The most significant problem lies in the way that too many fisherman are taking too many fish, but there is a lack of fish being caught in a sustainable manner. This has resulted in overfishing, which could cause negative consequences for the fish population as well as on the environment as well as the economics. Overfishing may also result in illicit fishing, which in turn reduces the quality of the environment and causes environmental hazards.
There are a variety of ways India can address this problem and enhance its fishing resources for the next generation.
The problems of managing India’s fast-growing sector of fisheries India has one of world’s largest and fast-growing fishing industries. The industry employs close to 100 million individuals and generates around $35 billion per year. But, the industry is facing a variety of difficulties that include excessive fishing and illicit fishing. These issues have resulted in an increase in fish populations as well as an increase in pollution from marine sources. India is also grappling in a bid to manage its resources for sustainable fishing.
The Diversity of World Fisheries
The variety of fisheries in the world is enormous, and will keep growing. The current situation isn’t sustainable and there are a variety of varieties of fisheries that must be considered in deciding how best to manage them. There are more than sixty thousand commercially valuable fish stocks across the globe and the majority of them are declining. Many countries rely on a limited number of fish stocks to support their existence and, if these stocks decrease, the nation’s economy is likely to also suffer. There are a variety of ways to sustainably manage the fisheries but it’s going take a unison effort from all concerned.
Future perspectives of fishing and threats
The future of fishing and its threats is a subject that is frequently debated by researchers as well as policy makers as well as representatives from industry. The primary threats to fisheries are overfishing and habitat destruction, pollution climate change, invasive species and the growth of human populations. There is a worrying decrease in the quantity of fish readily available commercial fishermen around the world because of these risks. There are, however, ways to combat these issues and to maintain or expand the supply of global seafood. The first is that the quantity of fish that fishermen can catch could be increased by preserving or improving the marine habitat. This will also decrease excess fishing that has resulted in this decline in the number of species.